A guide to services for Prince George's County residents
There are more than 20 infections that can be passed through intimate sexual contact. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are passed from person to person through unprotected sex (sex without a condom) with an infected partner. They are caused by viruses or bacteria; the most common STIs include syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, genital warts, herpes, HPV, HIV and others.
YOU SHOULD KNOW
STIs can be passed from a pregnant woman to her unborn child.
You can have an STI and spread it without showing any signs or symptoms.
You can get STIs again and again.
You cannot tell if a person has an STI by just looking at him or her.
Birth control pills do not protect against STIs.
STIs are extremely unlikely to be spread from toilet seats, towels, or drinking glasses.
IN PRINCE GEORGE'S COUNTY
STIs (chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis) cases are higher than in other Maryland counties.
HIV cases are 2nd in Maryland to Baltimore City and 87.6% of cases are African American.
80% of the reported chlamydia and gonorrhea infections are in youth and young adults, between the ages of 15-24.
95% of infectious syphilis cases are in males; 50% are co-infected with HIV.
All STIs can be prevented.
There is a reason condoms are still king when it comes to protection: if you are having sex, condoms are the only method that provides protection against both unintended pregnancy and STIs. But condoms only work if used CORRECTLY, each and every time you have sex, from start to finish. So follow the condom guide for everything you need to know:
Consistent and correct use of male latex condoms and the female condom can reduce (though not eliminate) the risk of STI transmission. To achieve the maximum protective effect, condoms must be used both consistently and correctly. Inconsistent use can lead to STI acquisition because transmission can occur with a single act of intercourse with an infected partner. Similarly, if condoms are not used correctly, the protective effect may be diminished even when they are used consistently. The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are to abstain from sexual activity or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner. However, many infected persons may be unaware of their infections because STIs are often asymptomatic or unrecognized.
National Prevention Information Network: STIs Today
It's Your (Sex) Life, Get Yourself Tested
STI Fact Sheets and Resources
STICC (Sexually Transmitted Infections Community Coalition of Metro DC)
United States AIDS Hotline 1-800-CDC-INFO or 1-800-232-4636